Philokalia and philosophy. These two streams of thought have been particularly crucial to modern Orthodox discourse concerning human nature and destiny. Hesychia, the spiritual practice of quietness through unceasing prayer, manifests itself socially and politically throughout Russia, Greece, Armenia, and North Africa as quietism. The nineteenth-century Russian concept of sobornost (fellowship, togetherness, spiritual unity) expresses a social philosophy based on Christian love modeled by the loving communion of the church at prayer, uniting each with all and all with God. Originally published as part of a two-volume comparative analysis of modern Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox Christian teachings on law, politics, and human nature, this one-volume study analyses the lives and work of five modern (nineteenth and twentieth-century) Orthodox teachers: Russian philosophers Vladimir Soloviev and Vladimir Lossky; Russian theologian Nicholas Berdyaev; Russian nun and social reformer Mother Maria Skobtsova; and Romanian theologian Dumitru Staniloae. Distilling these intellectuals' views on law and authority, the limits of obedience, the care of the needy, the ethics of war and violence, and the separation of church and state, editors Witte and Alexander limn the various ways Orthodox intellectuals have shaped modern debates over Christianity's impact on family, state, religion, and society.
An Eighth Day View:
"The Teachings of Modern Orthodox Christianity on Law, Politics, and Human Nature" examines how modern Orthodox Christian thinkers have answered the most pressing political, legal, and ethical questions of our time. It discusses the enduring teachings of important Orthodox Christian intellectuals of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Leading contemporary scholars analyze these thinkers' views on the nature and purpose of law and authority, the limits of rule and obedience, the care of the needy and innocent, the ethics of war and violence, and the separation of church and state, among other themes. A diverse and powerful portrait of Orthodox Christian legal and political thought, this volume underscores the various ways Orthodox Christian intellectuals have shaped modern debates over the family, the state, religion, and society. The book concentrates on Russian philosophers Vladimir Soloviev (1853-1900) and Vladimir Lossky (1903-1958); Russian theologian Nicholas Berdyaev (1874-1948); Russian nun and social reformer Mother Maria Skobtsova (1891-1945); and Romanian theologian Dumitru St?niloae (1903-1993).