Guenon (1886-1951) was one of the leading lights of what became know as the ''traditionalist school'' among scholars of comparative religion (others of note would be Frithjof Schuon, Titus Burkhardt, Ananda Coomaraswamy, and Huston Smith), who emphasized a ''Great Tradition'' of primordial truth common to all the major religious traditions of the world, to which they all bear witness in diverse ways (Huston Smith's Forgotten Truth
would be a good primer for this vision of religion). These scholars were not just academic observers of religion; they were personally religious, and highly critical of the scientific materialism they sensed to be overwhelming the modern world. The Reign of Quantity
, originally published in French in 1945, epitomized the traditionalists' critique of modernity. It does contain insights and descriptions of the modern age that seem prophetic after the passage of a half century. Essentially, it foresees an age when quantity--statistics, economics of scale, mechanistic models of man and society-- would ''reign'' over deeper humanistic values. One need not agree with the rather eccentric elements of syncretism and esoterism in Guenon's make-up to profit from his diagnosis of the pathologies of modernity.
An Eighth Day View:
Critique of modern Western civilization from the point of view of traditional metaphysics