Originally begun as a 'textbook of moderate size,' Eric Voegelin's History of Political Ideas
eventually encompassed eight volumes. In it Voegelin contends that the ultimate success of the Christian community-'the substructure that would allow it to encompass the Western world,' according to Jeffrey Herndon-was due to a series of 'compromises' made by Paul early in the life of the church. Herndon examines the unraveling of these compromises in the hope of gaining 'a greater appreciation of Christianity as the source of both the order and disorder that have come to characterize the existence of human beings in history.' Following the emergence of the Christian community, Herndon tracks with Voegelin from the Gospel accounts of Jesus' life and the Pauline compromises made 'in light of the realities of the world into which Christianity emerged,' through the Middle Ages, Reformation, and Enlightenment. Besides his nuanced clarification of the intersection between political theory and Christian concerns in Voegelin's work, Herndon helps to explain Voegelin's contention that the elimination of the spirit from the life and substance of society spelled the 'actual disintegration of substantive order' (Voegelin) until the emergence of totalitarian eschatologies in the nineteenth century, succeeded by the forms of Islamic extremism we know today. 189 pp.
An Eighth Day View:
Although some critics of Eric Voegelin's later work have faulted his failure to deal with the historical Jesus and to address the implications of Christianity for social and political life, the recent publication of Voegelin's "History of Political Ideas" has allowed a more complete assessment of his position regarding the Christian political order. This book addresses that criticism through an analysis of Voegelin's early work. In "Eric Voegelin and the Problem of Christian Political Order," Jeffrey C. Herndon analyzes the development of Voegelin's thought regarding the origins of Christianity in the person of Jesus, the development of the church in the works of Paul, and the relationship between an immanent institutional order symbolizing the divine presence and the struggle for social and political order. Focusing on the tension between a spiritual phenomenon based on Pauline faith and the institutionalization of that experience in the church, Herndon offers one of the first examinations of the relationship of the "History of Political Ideas" to Voegelin's larger body of work. In his wide-ranging study, Herndon explores Voegelin's examination of the problem of Christian political order from the inception of Christianity through the Great Reformation. He also presents a clarification of Voegelin's theory of civilizational foundation and of Voegelin's philosophy of history with regard to Christianity and Western political order. Herndon addresses not only the nagging problem in Voegelin scholarship regarding his relationship with the historical Jesus but also the "Pauline compromises with the world" that enabled Christianity to become the instrument by which the West was civilized. He also shows that Voegelin's interpretation of the historical pressures released by the Great Reformation is important to an understanding of his later work regarding the negative effect of Christian symbols in the creation of ideological disorder. "Eric Voegelin and the Problem of Christian Political Order" clarifies issues in Voegelin studies regarding the intersection between political theory and Christian concerns, addressing the relation of religious experience to the public sphere of political life in the West and helping to explain Voegelin's contention that the death of the spirit is the price of progress. It offers scholars a perspective heretofore lacking in Voegelin scholarship and a clearer view of Voegelin's understanding of the Christian dispensation and its influence on the course of Western development, history, and philosophy.