The Book of Memory
examines the development and use of mnemonic devices, Both in the conventional sense of mental memory techniques, but also in a fascinatingly broad sense of new objects such as desks, shelves, writing objects, indexes, dictionaries, certain types books and illuminated manuscripts, and much more, that facilitated the exercise of memory. Medieval culture's valuation of memory over creativity (in contrast to modern tendencies) and its use of writing as a means to enhance memorization rather than as a replacement for memory, are major themes in Carruthers' work. The cultivation of the virtues through the interiorization of sacred texts was the goal of mnemonic ''technologies'' that developed especially in the twelfth century
An Eighth Day View:
Mary Carruthers s classic study of the training and uses of memory for a variety of purposes in European cultures during the Middle Ages has fundamentally changed the way scholars understand medieval culture. This fully revised and updated second edition considers afresh all the material and conclusions of the first. While responding to new directions in research inspired by the original, this new edition devotes much more attention to the role of trained memory in composition, whether of literature, music, architecture, or manuscript books. The new edition will reignite the debate on memory in medieval studies and, like the first, will be essential reading for scholars of history, music, the arts and literature, as well as those interested in issues of orality and literacy (anthropology), in the working and design of memory (both neuropsychology and artificial memory), and in the disciplines of meditation (religion).